LINKAGE BETWEEN ENERGY CONSUMPTION, NATURAL ENVIRONMENT POLLUTION, AND PUBLIC HEALTH DYNAMICS IN ASEAN

Authors

Keywords:

Energy consumption, natural environment, panel regression. ASEAN

Abstract

Energy consumptions, either from renewable sources or traditional sources, ultimately have an impact on the natural environment along with the community. This paper aims to investigate the influence of renewable and fossil fuel energy consumption on the natural environment and public health expenditures of four ASEAN economies; Indonesia, Malaysian, Thailand, and the Philippines. To analysis, data is collected from World Development Indicators (WDI) for the period 1985-2015 on an annual basis. Panel regression estimation is applied to examine whether the trends in the natural environment and public health expenditures are determined by energy consumption sources. The findings of the study confirm that renewable energy sources have a negative impact on carbon emissions, while fossil fuel energy has a direct impact, respectively. However, in terms of public health expenditures, renewable energy consumption (RE) shows a negative influence, whereas fossil fuel energy consumption shows a positive impact. The findings under the present study can be of great practical value for public health organizations, environmental departments, and experts in the energy sector. REC offers a viable solution in terms of lowering the harmful impact on the natural environment as well as reducing the amount of public health expenditure. Furthermore, researchers in the field of environmental science, energy economies, and public health can also utilize the present study, both from a theoretical and empirical perspective. It is pertinent to note however that this study is limited in terms of non-consideration of all ASEAN economies, missing some robust and advanced panel modelling and can potentially benefit from the addition of additional explanatory variables.

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Published

2021-11-26